Mediterranean diet and risk for dementia and cognitive decline in a Mediterranean population

Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

Fecha de publicación: 16 de marzo de 2021

Autores: Sokratis Charisis MD, Eva Ntanasi PhD, Mary Yannakoulia PhD, Costas A. Anastasiou PhD, Mary H. Kosmidis PhD, Efthimios Dardiotis MD, PhD, Georgios Hadjigeorgiou MD, PhD, Paraskevi Sakka MD, PhD, Nikolaos Scarmeas MD


Background: Current evidence suggests that nutrition in general and specific dietary patterns in particular, such as the Mediterranean type diet (MeDi), can be employed as potential preventive strategies against the development of dementia and cognitive decline. However, longitudinal data exploring the applicability of these findings in populations of Mediterranean origin are limited. The aim of the present study was to explore the potential relationships of MeDi adherence with dementia incidence rates and cognitive change over time in a traditional Mediterranean population, characterized by a lifelong exposure to Mediterranean eating habits and lifestyle.

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